Department of Pathology
  Brigham and Women's Hospital
  A teaching Affliate of Harvard Medical School
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Shuji Ogino, M.D.,Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Pathology, Harvard Medical School
Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health


Academic Activities:
The Molecular Pathological Epidemiology Laboratory (The MPE Laboratory) ( ) ( ) ( ) The relationship between exposures and molecular changes in tumors has been examined for decades (eg, smoking -> KRAS mutation), under the umbrella of "molecular epidemiology". However, this type of analysis needs a consideration of disease heterogeneity (for a simple example, KRAS mutation present vs. absent), which necessitates a paradigm shift from conventional epidemiology. Conventional epidemiology is based on the premise that individuals with a given disease (by name) are homogeneous and can be lumped together to analyze the associations with exposures. ( ) ( ) ( ) Considering this paradigm shift, “Molecular Pathological Epidemiology (MPE)” (or Molecular Pathologic Epidemiology) has been coined for integrative science which can consider inherent disease heterogeneity in epidemiology research (Ogino et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2010; Ogino et al. Gut 2011; Ogino et al. Nat Rev Clin Oncol 2011; Ogino et al. Int J Epidemiol 2012; Ogino et al. Am J Epidemiol 2012). MPE is an interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary field of science. I have been advancing the MPE field as the first “Molecular Pathological Epidemiologist (MPEist, MPE’ist, MPE-ist)” (Ogino et al. Am J Epidemiol 2012). The power and promise of MPE has been well attested by our recent study (Liao et al. N Engl J Med 2012) which discovered an interactive effect of aspirin use and colorectal cancer PIK3CA mutation on tumor behavior. MPE encompasses ALL HUMAN DISEASES (just as pathology and epidemiology encompass the entire spectrum of human illnesses) (Ogino et al. Mod Pathol 2013). As I am a unique faculty in pathology (Harvard Medical School) and epidemiology (Harvard School of Public Health), my long-term goal is to transform pathology and epidemiology into an integrative science for both education and research. ( ) ( ) ( ) In MPE, we try to dissect complex interrelationship between; (1) environmental, dietary, lifestyle and genetic factors; (2) alterations in the tumor microenvironment and cellular genetics and epigenetics; and (3) disease pathways and evolution. MPE encompasses all human diseases (most of which are complex multifactorial diseases), and takes into account genome, epigenome, methylome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome, microbiome, metagenome, reactome, and interactome. MPE of cancer is based on the "Unique Tumor Principle" (Ogino et al. Int J Epidemiol 2012; Ogino et al. Expert Rev Mol Diagn 2012). MPE design can be used as the next step of genome-wide association study (GWAS) (“GWAS-MPE Approach”; Ogino et al. Gut 2011). Other new concepts related to MPE include "Colorectal Continuum Paradigm / Theory / Hypothesis" (Yamauchi, Morikawa, et al. Gut 2012; Yamauchi, Lochhead, et al. Gut 2012), which underscores the importance of interplay of gut microbiota, microbiome, host factors (diet, immunity, inflammation, etc.), and carcinogenesis. The MPE paradigm has been accepted worldwide (e.g., Hughes et al. PLoS ONE 2011; Hughes et al. Int J Epidemiol 2012; Curtin et al. Pathol Res Int 2011; Kelley et al. J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2011; Campbell et al. J Clin Oncol 2012; Ku et al. Mod Pathol 2012; Kanthan et al. Pathol Res Int 2012; Rex et al. Am J Gastroenterol 2012; Koshiol et al. Ann Epidemiol 2012; Greystoke et al. Gastroenterol Res Practice 2012; Chia et al. Nat Rev Clin Oncol 2012; Beggs et al. J Pathol 2013). ( ) ( ) ( ) A similar concept has been named "etiologic heterogeneity" by Dr. Colin Begg (Int J Cancer 2011; Am J Epidemiol 2012). Dr. Margaret Spitz, et al. has named "integrative epidemiology" to describe integration of molecular and genomic analyses (exposures and tumors) into epidemiology (Cancer Discovery 2012). This "integrative epidemiology" encompasses MPE and conventional molecular epidemiology. ( ) ( ) ( ) We have been utilizing comprehensive databases of two large U.S. nationwide prospective cohort studies, the Nurses’ Health Study (N=121,000 followed since 1976) and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (N=51,500 followed since 1986), as well as CALGB trials (Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology). Our discoveries by the MPE approach include (to mention just several); influence of the tumor microenvironment on tumor phenotype (Straussman et al. Nature 2012); YAP1 (yes-associated protein 1; or YAP) in colorectal cancer (Barry et al. Nature, published online); interactions between aspirin use and PTGS2 (cyclooxygenase-2, COX-2) expression in colorectal cancer (Chan et al. New Engl J Med 2007; Chan et al. JAMA 2009); interactions between obesity (host energetics) and FASN (fatty acid synthase) expression in colorectal cancer (Ogino et al. J Clin Oncol 2008; Kuchiba et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2012); interactions between host energetics and CTNNB1 (-catenin) activation in colorectal cancer (Morikawa et al. JAMA 2011); LINE-1 (long interspersed nucleotide element-1) hypomethylation and colon cancer aggression (Ogino et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2008) and colorectal cancer family history (Ogino et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2013); one-carbon nutrients, alcohol and colon cancer risk according to TP53 (p53) status and LINE-1 methylation level (Schernhammer et al. Gastroenterology 2008; Schernhammer et al. Gut 2010); fusobacterium (microbiota) in colorectal cancer (Kostic et al. Genome Res 2012); CDK8 in colorectal cancer (Firestein et al. Nature 2008; Firestein et al. Int J Cancer 2010); VTI1A-TCF7L2 fusion (translocation) in colorectal cancer (Bass et al. Nat Genet 2011). In summary, a better understanding of heterogeneity of carcinogenic processes and influences of exogenous and endogenous factors will further contribute to personalized prevention as well as personalized treatment strategy. ( ) ( ) ( ) To transform pathology and epidemiology by the integrative MPE field and concept, I recently launched two programs. One is the “MPE Method Working Group (MMWG)”, to establish standardized methodologies in MPE research. MMWG currently consists of researchers in the MPE areas (including biostatistics experts such as Professor Donna Spiegelman and Professor Bernard Rosner), mainly based on Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute,. The second program is the “STROBE-MPE” initiative (Ogino et al. Am J Epidemiol 2012). STROBE stands for “STrengthening of the Reporting of OBservational Epidemiology” (von Elm et al. PLoS Med 2007), and is an international guideline for epidemiology research. I always call for collaboration in this STROBE-MPE international initiative. ( ) ( ) ( ) The second focus of my research (which is very much related to MPE) is epigenetics and epigenomics of colorectal cancer. We have found that LINE-1 hypomethylation is highly correlated with mortality in colorectal cancer (Ogino et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2008); that LINE-1 hypomethylated colorectal cancer is associated with family history of colorectal cancer (Ogino et al. J Natl Cancer Inst 2013); and that it is preventable by folate (leafy vegetables) and avoidance of excessive alcohol consumption (Schernhammer et al. Gut 2010). I have been characterizing the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP), a unique molecular phenotype in colorectal cancer. Especially, my investigation led to the discovery of “CIMP-low (CIMP-L)”, a unique phenotype in colorectal cancer which is associated with KRAS mutation (Ogino et al. J Mol Diagn 2006), which was confirmed by other investigators including Peter Laird’s group (Hinoue et al. Genome Res 2012). We were the first to apply "structural equation modeling (SEM)" to correlation structure analysis of CpG island methylation and genetic changes in colorectal cancer (Tanaka et al. Am J Pathol 2010); We have been deciphering prognostic roles of CIMP, MSI and KRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA mutations in colorectal cancer (Ogino et al. Gut 2009; Ogino et al. Clin Cancer Res 2009; Ogino et al. Clin Cancer Res 2012; Liao et al. Clin Cancer Res 2012; Imamura et al. Clin Cancer Res 2012). Recently, we have found that frequencies of colorectal cancer genetic and epigenetic features (CIMP-high, MSI-high, and BRAF mutation) change gradually along subsites, which has led to the “Colorectal Continuum Concept / Paradigm / Theorem” (Yamauchi, Morikawa et al. Gut 2012; Yamauchi, Lochhead et al. Gut 2012) as mentioned above. This novel “Colorectal Continuum Paradigm” has a considerable impact on gastrointestinal research and clinical practice.
Office
450 Brookline Ave.
M422
Boston,MA 02215
Email1: shuji_ogino@dfci.harvard.edu
Education and Training:

Medical School - : University of Tokyo, Japan M.D.
Graduate School - : University of Tokyo, Japan Ph.D.
Residency 7/1/95 - 6/30/97 : Allegheny General Hospital
Residency 7/1/97 - 6/30/99 : University Hospitals of Cleveland
Fellowship 7/1/99 - 10/31/01 : University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
Graduate School - : Harvard School of Public Health M.S. (Epidemiology)

Clinical Specialties:
  • Molecular Diagnostics
Research Interests:
  • Colon cancer
  • Marker identification
  • Mutation
  • Epigenetics
  • Genetic alteration
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioinformatics
Publication:
  1. (Selected recent publications since 2005)
  2. ..
  3. Ogino S, Nosho K, Kirkner GJ, Shima K, Irahara N, Kure S, Chan AT, Engelman JA, Kraft P, Cantley LC, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. PIK3CA mutation is associated with poor prognosis among patients with curatively resected colon cancer. J Clin Oncol 2008: In press.
  4. Ogino S, Nosho K, Meyerhardt JA, Kirkner GJ, Chan AT, Kawasaki T, Giovannucci EL, Loda M, Fuchs CS. A cohort study of fatty acid synthase expression and patient survival in colon cancer. J Clin Oncol 2008: In press.
  5. Ogino S, Nosho K, Kirkner GJ, Kawasaki T, Meyerhardt JA, Loda M, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. CpG island methylator phenotype, microsatellite instability, BRAF mutation and clinical outcome in colon cancer. Gut: in press.
  6. Ogino S, Kirkner GJ, Nosho K, Irahara N, Kure S, Shima K, Hazra A, Chan AT, Dehari R, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in colon cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2008: In press.
  7. Ogino S,* Goel A. Molecular classification and correlates in colorectal cancer [review]. J Mol Diagn 2008; 10: 13-27.
  8. Park DY, Sakamoto H, Kirley SD, Ogino S, Kawasaki T, Kwon E, Mino-Kenudson M, Lauwers GY, Chung DC, Rueda BR, Zukerberg LR. The Cables gene on chromosome 18q is silenced by promoter hypermethylation and allelic loss in human colorectal cancer. Am J Pathol 2007; 171: 1509-1519.
  9. Schernhammer ES, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. A prospective study of dietary folate and vitamin B and colon cancer according to MSI and KRAS mutational status. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008: In press.
  10. Schernhammer ES, Ogino S, Fuchs CS. Folate intake and risk of colon cancer in relation to p53 alteration. Gastroenterology 2008: In press.
  11. Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Fuchs CS, Ogino S.* IGFBP3 promoter methylation in colorectal cancer: relationship with microsatellite instability, CpG island methylator phenotype and p53. Neoplasia 2007; 9: 1091-1098.
  12. Ogino S,* Hazra A, Tranah GJ, Kirkner GJ, Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Meyerhardt JA, Hunter DJ, Fuchs CS. MGMT germline polymorphism is associated with somatic MGMT promoter methylation and gene silencing in colorectal cancer. Carcinogenesis 2007; 28: 1985-1990.
  13. Nosho K, Kawasaki T, Chan AT, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Cyclin D1 is frequently overexpressed in microsatellite unstable colorectal cancer, independent of CpG island methylator phenotype. Histopathology 2008: in press.
  14. Firestein R, Bass AJ, Kim SY, Ian F. Dunn IF, Silver SJ, Guney I, Freed E, Ligon A, Vena N, Ogino S, Chheda M, Tamayo P, Finn S, Shrestha Y, Boehm JS, Jain S, Bojarski E, Barretina J, Chan JA, Baselga J, Tabernero J, Root DE, Fuchs C, Loda M, Shivdasani RA, Meyerson M, Hahn WC. CDK8 is a colorectal cancer oncogene that regulates beta-catenin. Nature 2008: in press.
  15. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Suemoto Y, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS. Molecular correlates with MGMT promoter methylation and silencing support CpG island methylator phenotype-low (CIMP-low) in colorectal cancer. Gut 2007; 56: 1564-1571.
  16. Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Dehari R, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS, Ogino S*. Correlation of -catenin localization with cyclooxygenase-2 expression and CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer. Neoplasia 2007; 9: 569-577.
  17. Nosho K, Kawasaki T, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Zepf D, Yan L, Longtine JA, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. PIK3CA mutation in colorectal cancer: relationship with genetic and epigenetic alterations. Neoplasia 2008; 10: 534-541.
  18. Firestein R, Blander G, Michan S, Oberdoerffer P, Ogino S, Campbell J, Bhimavarapu A, Luikenhuis S, de Cabo R, Fuchs C, Hahn WC, Guarente LP, Sinclair DA. The SIRT1 deacetylase suppresses intestinal tumorigenesis and colon cancer growth. PLoS One 2008; 3: e2020.
  19. Chan AT, Ogino S, Fuchs CS. Aspirin and the risk of colorectal cancer in relation to the expression of COX-2. New Engl J Med 2007; 356: 2131-2142. (I am the sole pathologist in this study).
  20. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Ohnishi M, Fuchs CS. 18q loss of heterozygosity in microsatellite stable colorectal cancer is correlated with CpG island methylator phenotype-negative (CIMP-0) and inversely with CIMP-low and CIMP-high. BMC Cancer 2007; 7: 72 (electronic paper, 9 pages).
  21. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Fuchs CS. LINE-1 hypomethylation is inversely associated with microsatellite instability and CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer. Int J Cancer 2008; 122: 2767-2773.
  22. Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Glickman JN, Chan AT, Kirkner GJ, Mino-Kenudson M, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Cyclooxygenase-2 overexpression is common in serrated and non-serrated colorectal adenoma, but uncommon in hyperplastic polyp and sessile serrated polyp/adenoma. BMC Cancer 2008; 8: 33.
  23. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Kraft P, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Evaluation of markers for CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in colorectal cancer using a large population-based sample. J Mol Diagn 2007; 9: 305-314.
  24. Ogino S,* Meyerhardt JA, Kawasaki T, Clark JW, Ryan DP, Kulke MH, Enzinger PC, Wolpin BM, Loda M, Fuchs CS. CpG island methylation, response to combination chemotherapy, and patient survival in advanced microsatellite stable colorectal carcinoma. Virchows Arch 2007; 450: 529-537.
  25. Kawasaki T, Ohnishi M, Nosho K, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. CpG island methylator phenotype-low (CIMP-low) colorectal cancer shows not only few methylated CIMP-high-specific CpG islands, but also low-level methylation at individual loci. Mod Pathol 2008; 21: 245-255.
  26. Kawasaki T, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Liu Z, Yamamoto H, Loda M, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. WRN promoter methylation possibly connects mucinous differentiation, microsatellite instability and CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer. Mod Pathol 2008; 21: 150-158.
  27. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Ogawa A, Kirkner GJ, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Fatty acid synthase overexpression in colorectal cancer is associated with microsatellite instability, independent of CpG island methylator phenotype. Hum Pathol 2007; 38: 842-849.
  28. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Ogawa A, Kirkner GJ, Loda M, Fuchs CS. TGFBR2 mutation is correlated with CpG island methylator phenotype in microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancer. Hum Pathol 2007; 38: 614-620.
  29. Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Glickman JN, Chan AT, Kirkner GJ, Mino-Kenudson M, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Cyclooxygenase-2 overexpression is common in serrated and non-serrated colorectal adenoma, but uncommon in hyperplastic polyp and sessile serrated polyp/adenoma. BMC Cancer 2008;8:33.
  30. Ogino S, Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Fuchs CS. LINE-1 hypomethylation is inversely associated with microsatellite instability and CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer. Int J Cancer 2008;122:2767-2773.
  31. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Ogawa A, Kirkner GJ, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Cytoplasmic localization of p27 (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B/KIP1) in colorectal cancer: inverse correlations with nuclear p27 loss, microsatellite instability, and CpG island methylator phenotype. Hum Pathol 2007;38:585-592.
  32. Ogino S,* Gulley ML, den Dunnen JT, Wilson RB, Association for Molecular Pathology Training and Education Committee. Standard mutation nomenclature in molecular diagnostics: practical and educational challenges. J Mol Diagn 2007;9:1-6.
  33. Firestein R, Blander G, Michan S, Oberdoerffer P, Ogino S, Campbell J, Bhimavarapu A, Luikenhuis S, de Cabo R, Fuchs C, Hahn WC, Guarente LP, Sinclair DA. The SIRT1 deacetylase suppresses intestinal tumorigenesis and colon cancer growth. PLoS ONE 2008;3:e2020.
  34. Ogino S, Goel A. Molecular classification and correlates in colorectal cancer [review]. J Mol Diagn 2008;10:13-27.
  35. Ogino S,* Wilson RB, Gold B, Flodman P. Bayesian risk assessment in genetic testing for autosomal dominant disorders with age-dependent penetrance. J Genet Counsel 2007;16(1):29-39.
  36. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Yamaji T, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Loss of nuclear p27 (CDKN1B / KIP1) in colorectal cancer is associated with microsatellite instability and CIMP. Mod Pathol 2007;20:15-22.
  37. Nosho K, Kawasaki T, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Zepf D, Yan L, Longtine JA, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. PIK3CA mutation in colorectal cancer: relationship with genetic and epigenetic alterations. Neoplasia 2008;10:534-541.
  38. Firestein R, Bass AJ, Kim SY, Ian F. Dunn IF, Silver SJ, Guney I, Freed E, Ligon A, Vena N, Ogino S, Chheda M, Tamayo P, Finn S, Shrestha Y, Boehm JS, Jain S, Bojarski E, Barretina J, Chan JA, Baselga J, Tabernero J, Root DE, Fuchs C, Loda M, Shivdasani RA, Meyerson M, Hahn WC. CDK8 is a colorectal cancer oncogene that regulates ?-catenin. Nature 2008;455:547-551.
  39. Ogino S, Wilson RB. Bayesian analysis (chapter). In Molecular Pathology in Clinical Practice, edited by Leonard DG et al. Springer 2007.
  40. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Loda M, Fuchs CS. CpG island methylator phenotype-low (CIMP-low) in colorectal cancer: possible associations with male sex and KRAS mutations. J Mol Diagn 2006; 8: 582-588.
  41. Nosho K, Kawasaki T, Chan AT, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Kirkner GJ, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Cyclin D1 is frequently overexpressed in microsatellite unstable colorectal cancer, independent of CpG island methylator phenotype. Histopathology 2008;53:588-598.
  42. Schernhammer ES, Ogino S, Fuchs CS. Folate intake and risk of colon cancer in relation to p53 alteration. Gastroenterology 2008;135:770-780.
  43. Priolo C, Tang D, Brahamandan M, Benassi B, Sicinska E, Ogino S, Farsetti A, Porrello A, Finn S, Zimmermann J, Febbo P, Loda M. The isopeptidase USP2a protects human prostate cancer from apoptosis. Cancer Res 2006; 66(17): 8625-8632.
  44. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Ogawa A, Dorfman I, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Down-regulation of p21 (CDKN1A / CIP1) is inversely associated with microsatellite instability and CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) in colorectal cancer. J Pathol 2006; 210: 147-154.
  45. Schernhammer ES, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. A prospective study of dietary folate and vitamin B and colon cancer according to MSI and KRAS mutational status. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008;17:2895-2898.
  46. Ogino S, Kirkner GJ, Nosho K, Irahara N, Kure S, Shima K, Hazra A, Chan AT, Dehari R, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in colon cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2008;14:8221-8227.
  47. Ogino S,* Odze RD, Kawasaki T, Brahmandam M, Kirkner GJ, Laird PW, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Correlations of pathologic features with CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) by quantitative DNA methylation analysis in colorectal carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol 2006; 30(9): 1175-1183.
  48. Ogino S,* Brahmandam M, Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Epigenetic profiling of synchronous colorectal neoplasias by quantitative DNA methylation analysis. Mod Pathol 2006; 19: 1083-1090.
  49. Ogino S, Nosho K, Kirkner GJ, Kawasaki T, Chan AT, Schernhammer ES, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. A cohort study of tumoral LINE-1 hypomethylation and prognosis in colon cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 2008;100:1734-1738
  50. Nosho K, Irahara N, Shima K, Kure S, Kirkner GJ, Schernhammer ES, Hazra A, Hunter DJ, Quackenbush J, Spiegelman D, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Comprehensive biostatistical analysis of CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer using a large population-based sample. PLoS ONE 2008;3:e3698.
  51. Ogino S,* Brahmandam M, Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Combined analysis of COX-2 and p53 expressions reveals synergistic inverse correlations with microsatellite instability and CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer. Neoplasia 2006; 8: 458-464.
  52. Ogino S,* Kawasaki T, Brahmandam M, Cantor M, Kirkner GJ, Spiegelman D, Makrigiorgos GM, Weisenberger DJ, Laird PW, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Precision and performance characteristics of bisulfite conversion and real-time PCR (MethyLight) for quantitative DNA methylation analysis. J Mol Diagn 2006; 8: 209-217.
  53. Ogino S, Nosho K, Meyerhardt JA, Kirkner GJ, Chan AT, Kawasaki T, Giovannucci EL, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Cohort study of fatty acid synthase expression and patient survival in colon cancer. J Clin Oncol 2008;26:5713-5720.
  54. Ogino S, Nosho K, Kirkner GJ, Kawasaki T, Meyerhardt JA, Loda M, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. CpG island methylator phenotype, microsatellite instability, BRAF mutation and clinical outcome in colon cancer. Gut 2009;58:90-96.
  55. Ogino S,* Brahmandam M, Cantor M, Namgyal C, Kawasaki T, Kirkner G, Meyerhardt JA, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Distinct molecular features of colorectal carcinoma with signet ring cell component and colorectal carcinoma with mucinous component. Mod Pathol 2006; 19: 59-68.
  56. Ogino S,* Cantor M, Kawasaki T, Brahmandam M, Kirkner GJ, Weisenberger DJ, Campan M, Laird PW, Loda M, Fuchs CS. CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) of colorectal cancer is best characterised by quantitative DNA methylation analysis and prospective cohort studies. Gut 2006; 55: 1000-1006.
  57. Monzon FA, Ogino S, Hammond ME, Halling KC, Bloom K, Nikiforova MN. The role of KRAS mutation testing in the management of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer [review]. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2009;133:1600-1606.
  58. The Methylation Working Group of the Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) Clinical Practice Committee (Contributing members of the AMP Methylation Working Group: Sepulveda AR, Jones D, Ogino S, Samowitz W, Gulley ML, Edwards R, Levenson V, Pratt VM, Yang B, Nafa K, Yan L, Vitazka P). CpG Methylation Analysis - Current Status of Clinical Assays and Potential Applications in Molecular Diagnostics: A Report of the Association for Molecular Pathology [review]. J Mol Diagn 2009;11:266-278.
  59. Ogino S,* Meyerhardt JA, Cantor M, Brahmandam M, Clark JW, Namgyal C, Kawasaki T, Kinsella K, Michelini AL, Enzinger PC, Kulke MH, Ryan DP, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Molecular alterations in tumors and response to combination chemotherapy with gefitinib for advanced colorectal cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2005; 11(18): 6650-6656.
  60. Giovannucci E, Ogino S. DNA methylation, field effects, and colorectal cancer [editorial]. J Natl Cancer Inst 2005; 97(18): 1317-1319.
  61. Nosho K, Shima K, Kure S, Irahara N, Baba Y, Chen L, Kirkner GJ, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. JC virus T-antigen in colorectal cancer Is associated with p53 expression and chromosomal instability, independent of CpG island methylator phenotype. Neoplasia 2009;11:87-95.
  62. Ogino S, Nosho K, Kirkner GJ, Shima K, Irahara N, Kure S, Chan AT, Engelman JA, Kraft P, Cantley LC, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. PIK3CA mutation is associated with poor prognosis among patients with curatively resected colon cancer. J Clin Oncol 2009;27:1477-1484.
  63. Ogino S, Shima K, Baba Y, Nosho K, Irahara N, Kure S, Chen L, Toyoda S, Kirkner GJ, Wang YL, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. Colorectal cancer expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? (PPARG, PPARgamma) is associated with good prognosisis. Gastroenterology 2009;136:1242-1250.
  64. a Y, Nosho K, Shima K, Irahara N, Kure S, Toyoda S, Kirkner GJ, Goel A, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Aurora-A expression is independently associated with chromosomal instability in colorectal cancer. Neoplasia 2009;11:418-425.
  65. Ogino S, Nosho K, Irahara N, Shima K, Baba Y, Kirkner GJ, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS. A cohort study of p27 localization in colon cancer, body mass index and patient survival. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18:1849-1858.
  66. Nosho K, Shima K, Irahara N, Kure S, Baba Y, Kirkner GJ, Chen L, Gokhale S, Hazra A, Spiegelman D, Giovannucci EL, Jaenisch R, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. DNMT3B expression might contribute to CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2009;15:3663-3671.
  67. Ogino S, Nosho K, Irahara N, Kure S, Shima K, Baba Y, Toyoda S, Chen L, Giovannucci EL, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS. A cohort study of cyclin D1 expression and prognosis in 602 colon cancer cases. Clin Cancer Res 2009;15:4431-4438.
  68. Nosho K, Shima K, Irahara N, Kure S, Firestein R, Baba Y, Toyoda S, Chen L, Hazra A, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. SIRT1 histone deacetylase expression is associated with microsatellite instability and CpG island methylator phenotype in colorectal cancer. Mod Pathol 2009;22:922-932.
  69. Baba Y, Nosho K, Shima K, Freed E, Irahara N, Philips J, Meyerhardt JA, Hornick JL, Shivdasani RA, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Relationship of CDX2 loss with molecular features and prognosis in colorectal cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2009;15:4665-4673.
  70. Souglakos J, Philips J, Wang R, Marwah S, Silver M, Tzardi M, Silver J, Ogino S, Hooshmand S, Kwak E, Freed E, Meyerhardt JA, Saridaki Z, Georgoulias V, Finkelstein D, Fuchs CS, Kulke MH, Shivdasani RA. Prognostic and predictive value of common mutations for treatment response and survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Brit J Cancer 2009:101:465-472.
  71. Chan AT, Ogino S, Fuchs CS. Aspirin use and survival after diagnosis of colorectal cancer. JAMA – J Am Med Assoc 2009;302:649-658. (I am the sole pathologist in this study)
  72. Ogino S, Nosho K, Baba Y, Kure S, Shima K, Irahara N, Toyoda S, Chen L, Kirkner GJ, Wolpin BM, Chan AT, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. A cohort study of STMN1 expression in colorectal cancer: body mass index and prognosis. Am J Gastroenterol 2009;104:2047-56.
  73. Ogino S, Nosho K, Irahara N, Shima K, Baba Y, Kirkner GJ, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS. Prognostic significance and molecular associations of 18q loss of heterozygosity: a cohort study of microsatellite stable colorectal cancers. J Clin Oncol 2009;27:4591-4598.
  74. Meyerhardt JA, Ogino S, Kirkner GJ, Chan AT, Wolpin B, Ng K, Nosho K, Shima K, Giovannucci EL, Loda M, Fuchs CS. Interaction of molecular markers and physical activity on mortality in patients with colon cancer. Clin Cancer Res 2009;15:5931-5936.
  75. Ogino S, Nosho K, Shima K, Baba Y, Irahara N, Kirkner GJ, Hazra A, De Vivo I, Giovannucci EL, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS. p21 expression in colon cancer and modifying effects of patient age and body mass index on prognosis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18:2513-2521.
  76. Worthley DL, Le Leu RK, Whitehall V, Conlon M, Christophersen C, Belobrajdic D, Mallitt K, Hu Y, Irahara N, Ogino S, Leggett BA, Young GP. A human, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial of prebiotic, probiotic and synbiotic supplementation: effects on luminal, inflammatory, epigenetic and epithelial biomarkers of colorectal cancer. Am J Clin Nutr 2009;90:578-586.
  77. Ogino S, Nosho K, Irahara N, Meyerhardt JA, Baba Y, Shima K, Glickman JN, Ferrone CR, Mino-Kenudson M, Tanaka N, Dranoff G, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS. Lymphocytic reaction to colorectal cancer is associated with longer survival, independent of lymph node count, microsatellite instability, and CpG island methylator phenotype. Clin Cancer Res 2009;15:6412-6420.
  78. Kure S, Nosho K, Baba Y, Irahara N, Shima K, Ng K, Meyerhardt JA, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Vitamin D receptor expression is associated with PIK3CA and KRAS mutations in colorectal cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18:2765-2772.
  79. Nosho K, Kure S, Irahara N, Shima K, Baba Y, Spiegelman D, Meyerhardt JA, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. A prospective cohort study shows unique epigenetic, genetic, and prognostic features of synchronous colorectal cancers. Gastroenterology 2009;137:1609-1620.
  80. Ogino S, Meyerhardt JA, Irahara N, Niedzwiecki D, Hollis D, Saltz LB, Mayer RJ, Schaefer P, Whittom R, Hantel A, Benson III AB, Goldberg RM, Bertagnolli MM, Fuchs CS: for the Cancer and Leukemia Group B, North Central Cancer Treatment Group, Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute, Southwest Oncology Group. KRAS mutation in stage III colon cancer and clinical outcome following intergroup trial CALGB 89803. Clin Cancer Res 2009;15:7322-7329.
  81. Meyerhardt JA, Giovannucci EL, Ogino S, Kirkner GJ, Chan AT, Willett W, Fuchs CS. Physical activity and male colorectal cancer survival. Arch Int Med 2009;169:2102-2108.
  82. Schernhammer ES, Giovannucci E, Kawasaki T, Rosner B, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Dietary folate, alcohol, and B vitamins in relation to LINE-1 hypomethylation in colon cancer. Gut 2010: in press (published online).
  83. Ogino S, Nosho K, Irahara N, Shima K, Baba Y, Kirkner GJ, Mino-Kenudson M, Giovannucci EL, Meyerhardt JA, Fuchs CS. Negative lymph node count is associated with survival of colorectal cancer patients, independent of tumoral molecular alterations and lymphocytic reaction. Am J Gastroenterol 2010: in press (published online).
  84. Firestein R, Shima K, Nosho K, Irahara N, Baba Y, Bojarski E, Giovannucci EL, Hahn WC, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. CDK8 expression in 470 colorectal cancers in relation to ?-catenin activation, other molecular alterations and patient survival. Int J Cancer 2010: in press (published online).
  85. Irahara N, Nosho K, Baba Y, Shima K, Lindeman NI, Hazra A, Schernhammer ES, Hunter DJ, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. Precision of Pyrosequencing assay to measure LINE-1 methylation in colon cancer, normal colonic mucosa and peripheral blood cells. J Mol Diagn 2010: in press.
  86. Hazra A, Fuchs CS, Kawasaki T, Kirkner GJ, Hunter DJ, Ogino S. Germline polymorphisms in the one-carbon metabolism pathway and DNA methylation in colorectal cancer. Cancer Causes Control 2010: in press (published online).
  87. Irahara N, Baba Y, Nosho K, Shima K, Yan L, Dias-Santagata D, Iafrate AJ, Fuchs CS, Haigis KM, Ogino S. NRAS mutations are rare in colorectal cancer. Diagn Mol Pathol 2010: in press.
  88. Worthley DL, Whitehall VLJ, Buttenshaw RL, Irahara N, Greco SA, Ramsnes I, Mallitt K, Le Leu RK, Winter J, Hu Y, Ogino S, Young GP, Leggett BA. DNA methylation within the normal colorectal mucosa is associated with pathway specific predisposition to cancer. Oncogene 2010: in press.
  89. Baba Y, Nosho K, Shima K, Irahara N, Chan AT, Meyerhardt JA, Chung DC, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. HIF1A overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in a cohort of 731 colorectal cancers. Am J Pathol 2010: in press.
  90. Baba Y, Nosho K, Shima K, Goessling W, Chan AT, Ng K, Chan JA, Giovannucci EL, Fuchs CS, Ogino S. PTGER2 Overexpression in Colorectal Cancer is Associated with Microsatellite Instability, Independent of CpG Island Methylator Phenotype. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2010: in press.
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<Friday, November 21, 2014>
8:00 AM
Dr. Andre Pinto
Cotran Conference Center
9:15 AM

Autopsy suite
12:00 PM

GYN 14-headed scope
1:00 PM
Dr. Eric Duncavage
Cotran Conference Center
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